When acid constantly attacks the teeth, the hard outer shell of the tooth—the enamel—keeps losing minerals. A white spot, which signals early decay, may appear on a tooth, and the damage at this point can be reversed and enamel can repair itself24. But if the tooth decay process isn’t reversed, enamel continues to get weaker as more minerals are lost and a cavity, which is permanent damage, forms and has to be fixed by a dentist24.
You can prevent cavities. Minerals in our saliva, such as calcium and phosphate, along with the protective fluoride that we can get from fluoride toothpaste or a fluoride rinse, can repair enamel and protect teeth from acid damage24. The mineral fluoride prevents tooth decay from worsening, helps replace minerals that have been lost, and stops bacteria’s ability to turn sugar and starches into corrosive acid24.